Department of Mathematics was founded on October 1, 1993. The Department offers programs leading to MS and PhD degrees in Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Some interdepartmental programs within Mathematics are available to students willing to combine their interests in Mathematics with other concentrations. The Department serves all Khazar University schools delivering courses of Pre-calculus, General and Advanced Calculus, Differential Equations, Linear and Applied Algebra, Operations Research, General Statistics, as well as Biostatistics and Business Statistics, Mathematics for Economics and Business, etc.

Since 2009 the Department of Mathematics has offered undergraduate programs in Mathematics and Computer Education. The Bachelor Degree Program in Mathematics and Computer Education is an interdepartmental program offered jointly by the Department of Mathematics and the Department of Computer Science.